Here is a list of the terms and their meanings used within typography. Learning these will be beneficial to allow me to communicate more effectively.
Kerning – The space between each letter within a word.
Tracking – The space between each word.
Leading – The space between each line within a block of text.
Baseline – What the words sit upon.
Old Face – The old style developed in the 15th and 16th centuries and are characterised by a low contrast in stroke, weight and angled serifs.
Transitional – The bridge for the gap between Old Style and Modern serifed typefaces, Transitional type has a more vertical axis and sharper serifs than humanist forms.
Humanist – Fontscape defines humanist sans as; ‘Sans serif typefaces with oval shapes and variations in stroke thickness to create a more graceful, human appearance.
Script – In typography, script fonts mimic historical or modern handwriting styles that look as if written with different styles of writing instruments(…) Typical characteristics are; connected or nearly connected flowing letterforms and slanted, rounded characters.
Roman – The vertical lines of the characters are straight up and not on an angle.
Italic – This refers to fonts with characters slanted to the right. An italic font however, often includes one or more character shapes that differ from those in roman font.
Majuscule – A style of writing characterised by somewhat rounded capital letters.
Minuscule – The little letters or non-capital letters of the alphabet are lower case gylphs.
Geometric – As their name implies are based on geometric forms. Constructed of straight mono linear lines and circular or square shapes.
Condensed – A font with a width smaller than what would be considered ‘normal’ or ‘regular’.
Ligature – Two or more letters combined into one character. This only applies to certain pairs of letters.
Gothic – These are also sans serif typefaces. It is generally a heavier typeface.
Slab Serif – This carries a very prominent form; slab-like, bold and square cut fonts.
Clarendon – Is an English slab serif typeface that was create by Robert Besley in 1845.
Triangular Serifs – Serifs that are triangular in shape.
Vestigial – Letterforms that have noticeable tails
Trifurcated Serif – When the serifs are split into three parts.
Bifurcated Serif – When the serifs are split into two parts.
Fat Face – A heavier typeface with thicker strokes and triangular serifs.
Nesting – A space for an illuminated letter to fit.
Superior Letters – When a lower case letter is placed above the baseline.
Versals Lombardic – When enlarged decorated letters are placed at the beginning of each verse of a poem called ‘versals’.